Baseline Study in Madhesh Province

Climate crisis combined with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected young people who hold the largest proportion of the population. However, this also creates the opportunity to utilize young energy for the country’s development. Nepali Yuwa in Climate Action and Green Growth (NYCAGG) focuses on promoting Nepali youth inclusion in the climate action and green economy in post-COVID recovery of Nepal. However, measuring the outcome of the project requires a baseline study for establishing a benchmark. Hence, this baseline study enables identification of the current status of project defined indicators related to project impact, outcome, and output in Madhesh province. 31 individuals were interviewed to get information about DRRM and CCA and Entrepreneurship.

Madhesh Province is vulnerable to various natural disasters such as floods, drought, storms, and cold waves. Only a few municipalities had prepared disaster related acts and policies. While none of the municipal bodies had a Local Disaster and Climate Resilience Plan (LDCRP). Likewise, in the entrepreneurship front, activities/programs/projects specifically on entrepreneurship and start-ups were lacking. Incubation space and innovation labs are yet to be established in Madhesh Province. Provincial and municipal governments are yet to have dedicated activities for Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM). Same is the case with entrepreneurship development. Based on these findings, recommendations on DRRM and CCA and entrepreneurship development have been provided.